Understanding How Does Kabaddi Work | Quick Guide

Imagine a small village in rural India, where children gather in the evening to play a game that has been passed down through generations. The sky is painted with oranges and pinks as the sun begins to set, casting a warm glow over the fields. With excitement filling the air, teams are formed, and the game of kabaddi commences.

Kabaddi, a game deeply rooted in Indian culture, is a sport that brings people together and showcases the spirit of unity and strength. Passed down through centuries, kabaddi has evolved into a competitive and thrilling team sport that is enjoyed by millions.

But how does kabaddi work? What are the rules of the kabaddi game? How is the kabaddi game played? In this quick guide, we will explore the intricacies of kabaddi, from its origins to its gameplay, so that you can fully understand this captivating and unique sport.

how does kabaddi work

The Rich Heritage of Kabaddi: From Ancient Roots to Modern Play

Kabaddi, with its long history, holds a significant place in the cultural fabric of India. This ancient sport originated over 4000 years ago and has deep roots in the country’s traditions and mythology. It is believed that kabaddi was played during the Vedic period and was even mentioned in Hindu epics like the Mahabharata. In those times, kabaddi served as more than just a game but as a means to develop physical strength and self-defense skills.

Kabaddi was initially practiced as a practical means of self-defense. The simplicity of the game and its requirement for physical prowess made it an effective tool for individuals to protect themselves in vulnerable situations. As the sport evolved, it gained popularity beyond its self-defense origins and transformed into a competitive team game.

Over the years, kabaddi has undergone various modifications, adapting to regional preferences and cultural influences. It has found its place as a revered traditional sport in different parts of India, with each region having its own unique style of play.

In the 20th century, kabaddi gained recognition as a professional sport, attracting widespread attention and a dedicated fan base. The game witnessed the establishment of formal rules and regulations, leading to the organization of national and international competitions. Today, kabaddi is played in different forms and variations, both in India and other countries, showcasing its global appeal.

A Deep Dive Into the Kabaddi Court: Dimensions and Markings

The kabaddi court is an integral part of the game, with specific dimensions and markings that define the boundaries and territories of the teams. Let’s explore the standard dimensions of a kabaddi court, as well as the significance of the markings.

The Standard Kabaddi Court

The standard kabaddi court measures 12.5 meters in length and 10 meters in width. This rectangular court provides ample space for the players to showcase their skills and strategies. The dimensions of the court ensure a balanced playing field for both teams.

Understanding the Midline and Baulk Lines

The court is divided into two halves by a midline, which runs parallel to the length of the court. The midline acts as a dividing line between the territories of the two teams. Each half of the court is further divided by baulk lines, creating smaller sections for gameplay.

Significance of the Bonus Line in Kabaddi

In addition to the midline and baulk lines, the kabaddi court features a bonus line. The bonus line comes into play when the defending team has six or seven players on the field. It is positioned at a distance of 1 meter from the midline. The bonus line offers an additional scoring opportunity for the raider, adding excitement and strategic value to the game.

Length of the Court12.5 meters
Width of the Court10 meters

Understanding the dimensions and markings of the kabaddi court is essential in comprehending how the game is played. These elements define the playing field, create boundaries, and add strategic elements to the gameplay. Now that we have delved into the court dimensions and markings, let’s explore the roles and responsibilities of the players in section 4.

Comprehending Kabaddi Gameplay: Roles and Responsibilities

Kabaddi gameplay involves specific roles and responsibilities for each player. The team’s overall strategy and formation play a crucial role in the effectiveness of gameplay. Each player has to work together in coordination and make quick decisions to outsmart the opponent.

The raider is one of the key players in kabaddi. Their responsibility is to infiltrate the opponent’s half and tag their defenders. The raider must rely on speed, agility, and strategy to touch as many defenders as possible before returning safely to their own half.

On the other hand, the defenders form the backbone of the team’s defense. Their main objective is to stop the raider from scoring points. Defenders use their strength and skill to tackle the raider and prevent them from successfully completing a raid.

The roles and responsibilities of players extend beyond raiding and defending. They must constantly communicate and adjust their positions on the court based on the game’s flow. Additionally, players need to understand and adapt to different formations and strategies employed by the opponent, ensuring a dynamic and strategic approach to the game.

By understanding and executing their roles effectively, each player contributes to the team’s success in kabaddi. The coordination, teamwork, and individual skills of the players come together to create an exciting and competitive gameplay experience.

How Does Kabaddi Work: Decoding the Scoring System

Kabaddi has a unique scoring system that is essential to understanding how the game works. By earning points through various actions, teams strive to outscore their opponents and secure victory. Let’s delve into the different components of the scoring system in kabaddi:

Raid Points: Touching the Opponent

Raid points are scored when the raider successfully enters the opposing team’s half, touches one or more defenders, and returns to their own half without being caught. Each defender touched by the raider adds one point to the team’s score. Raid points reward the raider’s agility, evasion tactics, and ability to overpower the defenders’ attempts to hold them.

Tackling Points: The Defensive Score

Tackling points are earned by the defenders when they successfully stop the raider from returning to their own half. Whether through a single player or coordinated teamwork, defenders aim to immobilize the raider by catching them with a firm grip. Each successful tackle adds one point to the team’s score, showcasing their defensive prowess and ability to anticipate the raider’s moves.

Bonus Points and All-Outs in Kabaddi

Alongside raid and tackling points, bonus points and all-outs provide additional scoring opportunities in kabaddi.

1. Bonus Points: The raider has a chance to earn a bonus point by crossing the bonus line, which is positioned one meter away from the midline. If the raider successfully touches the defenders and manages to cross the bonus line while returning, an additional point is added to their team’s score.

2. All-Outs: An all-out occurs when the attacking team successfully gets all the defenders out of the game in a single raid. This results in the defending team losing all their players on the court and rewards the attacking team with two extra points. All-outs require strategy, coordination, and the ability to overpower the defending team’s resistance.

Understanding the intricacies of the scoring system in kabaddi is key to appreciating the strategic nature of the game. The combination of raid points, tackling points, bonus points, and all-outs adds depth and excitement to each match, making kabaddi a thrilling sport to watch and participate in.

Key Kabaddi Tactics: Offensive and Defensive Strategies

Kabaddi is a highly strategic game that requires players to employ various tactics to gain an advantage over their opponents. Both offensive and defensive strategies play crucial roles in determining the outcome of a match.

Offensive Strategies in Kabaddi

Offensive strategies in kabaddi mainly revolve around raiding techniques and finding ways to score points. The raider, with the support of their teammates, must use their physical strength and agility to outsmart the defenders. Some common offensive tactics include:

  • Selective targeting: The raider carefully chooses which defenders to approach and tries to identify weaknesses in the defense.
  • Quick footwork: The raider uses swift movements and change of direction to confuse the defenders and create opportunities to touch them.
  • Feints and fakes: The raider employs deceptive moves to distract the defenders and create openings for successful raids.

By employing these offensive strategies, teams can maximize their scoring potential and keep the pressure on the opposing team.

Defensive Strategies in Kabaddi

Defensive strategies in kabaddi aim to prevent the raider from scoring points and effectively neutralize their raiding techniques. Defenders must work as a cohesive unit and adapt their strategies based on the raider’s approach. Some key defensive tactics include:

  • Double-teaming: Defenders quickly converge on the raider to minimize their chances of touching them and scoring points.
  • Chain tackling: Defenders form a chain by holding hands to surround the raider, making it challenging for the raider to escape their grasp.
  • Anticipation and timing: Defenders predict the raider’s movements and time their tackles effectively to catch the raider off guard.

Defensive strategies require physical strength, agility, and excellent coordination among the defenders to successfully stop the raider and minimize the opponent’s scoring opportunities.

The image above illustrates the intensity and strategic nature of kabaddi tactics. Players must employ a combination of offensive and defensive strategies to outwit their opponents and secure victory. Whether it’s raiding techniques or defensive maneuvers, tactics play a vital role in the game play of kabaddi.


Kabaddi is an exciting and dynamic sport that requires a combination of physical prowess and strategic thinking. Understanding the rules, court dimensions, scoring system, player positions, and tactics of kabaddi is crucial to fully grasp how the game works.

Whether you’re a beginner or a fan of the sport, kabaddi offers a thrilling experience that showcases the rich heritage and competitive spirit of this ancient game. With its roots dating back thousands of years, kabaddi has evolved into a popular and widely recognized sport, not only in India but also in other countries around the world.

By immersing yourself in the world of kabaddi, you can appreciate the skill, agility, and teamwork required to succeed in this fast-paced game. From the intense raider’s strategy to the coordinated defensive efforts, every aspect of kabaddi contributes to the excitement and unpredictability of each match.

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